Gum Disease Symptoms and Causes By Joe McIntyre, DDS on November 24, 2020

bisected illustration of a tooth and gum, half healthy and half diseasedA healthy gumline protects your teeth and keeps your smile going strong. Maintaining gum health is just as important as taking care of your teeth. Gum disease should be avoided at all costs. Without healthy gums, your teeth can become sensitive, painful, or they could even fall out. Luckily, there are steps we can take to prevent this, and signs to watch out for to prevent periodontal disease from worsening.

Here at Smiles for Life Dental Care, dentistry is our passion. We offer comprehensive periodontal care for people in the Harrisonburg, VA and Staunton, VA area. Our dentists can help you identify gum disease symptoms in the early stages of gingivitis so you can keep your teeth and gums healthy for years to come.

Redness and Inflammation

The first step is to check the color of your gums. Ideally, they should be a pink color. If you notice your gums are red or swollen, that is a common indicator of gum disease.

Red gums could also mean that you are brushing your teeth too hard. If you have a toothbrush with hard bristles, consider replacing it with a softer-bristled brush and to be more gentle while cleaning your teeth.

Shrinking Gumline

Without your gums, your teeth have no support structure. Watch for a receding gum line, as this could indicate periodontal disease.

The sooner we catch these signs, the sooner we can begin treatment. If your gumline has receded to a dangerous point, we may recommend the Pinhole Surgical Technique™. This procedure is a less invasive alternative to traditional gum grafting. It helps strengthen and rebuild gum tissue in areas that have experienced gum recession.

Loose or Shifting Teeth

Another primary symptom of advanced periodontitis is tooth mobility. If you already have redness, swelling, and gum recession, you may have loose teeth as well. Gaps and spacing issues may occur, affecting comfort, your ability to bite and chew, and the aesthetics of your smile.

Additional Symptoms of Gum Disease

Look for these additional warning signs to help prevent gum disease:

  • Bad breath
  • Puffy gums
  • Sensitive gums
  • Gums that easily bleed
  • Sore teeth
  • Pus or drainage

Causes of Gum Disease

There are three main stages of gum disease. The first, gingivitis, is typically caused by a lack of brushing and flossing. The use of tobacco products can increase your risk of developing periodontal disease.

When left unchecked, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more advanced stage of the condition. If periodontitis continues untreated, it develops into advanced periodontitis, which can lead to tooth loss and more serious health issues.

Gum Disease Prevention Tips

At Smiles for Life Dental Care, our expert dentists sincerely care about your oral health. We offer the following simple advice on how to prevent gum disease:

  • Floss once a day
  • Brush two to three times a day
  • Use a soft-bristled toothbrush
  • Use a fluoride toothpaste
  • Visit your dentist regularly

If you practice healthy oral hygiene habits, your smile is going to show it. Follow these steps to stay healthy, and stop gum disease before it has a chance to progress.

Schedule an Appointment with Our Experts

We are happy to answer any additional questions you may have regarding gum disease symptoms. If you live in the Harrisonburg area, give us a call at (540) 828-2312, or schedule an appointment today. We will help you take charge of your oral health.

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Dentists at Smiles for Life Dental Care

Smiles for Life Dental Care

The team of highly trained doctors at Smiles for Life wants to help you achieve and maintain a healthy smile for a lifetime. Because we want every patient to have access to the advanced treatments offered at our practice, we accept many insurance and financing options, including: 

  • Medicare 
  • Compassionate Finance™
  • CareCredit®
  • LendingClub®
  • Smile Rewards 

To get started, call our Bridgewater office at (540) 828-2312 or request an appointment online.

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